To Autumn – John Keats

The poem “€To Autumn”€ is written by the Englishman John Keats in 1819. The poem contains 3 stanzas each containing 11 lines. The poem is about autumn and the love that the narrator has for it. The poem is full of life and the mood is very positive, and in general the poem is very poetic. The poem is written in the romantic movement.

The form of the poem is very natural and it fits very well with the content. The form is very harmonious and as a reader you have a god experience reading it. The title indicates that it could be some kind of a letter, because it says “To autumn”, like when you write a letter to a friend.

In the first stanza the narrator addresses autumn, and describes how he sees autumn. He de-scribes it as “The season of mists and mellow fruitfulness”, a very positive description. He fo-cuses on the nature and especially fruits, and he mentions both apples and hazel shells, be-cause autumn or indian summer is the seasons when you harvest. The language is very de-scribing and full of passion. The narrator uses a lot of adjectives such as mellow, maturing and sweet and it makes the poem very vividly and more exiting to read. He describes autumn as a person and he ensouls autumn. The whole stanza is some kind of a metaphor, because he de-scribes autumn as a person and he makes it alive. He describes autumn not just as a friend of the sun, but as a close bosom-friend of it. You could say that the first lines of the stanza tells us that the autumn is not far away from the summer that we all love, because it has a close rela-tionship to the sun as well.

One of the main themes in the first stanza is ripeness. He mentions both how the sun matures, but also how all fruits are filled with ripeness. Its describe as a mature person, who does good things to nature.

In the second stanza, the narrator describes the figure of autumn as a beautiful woman. So again he makes a personification, but this time it is a woman. The narrator mentions three places, where we can probably find autumn: The granary floor, on a half reaped furrow or by the cider-press.

In the first line, the narrator mentions a store, which could be a metaphor or a symbol for all the fruits and crops and he asks a rhetorical question.

In the next part of the poem, the mood is actually not that good. The woman or autumn is mentioned as careless on the granary floor, which is the first place we could find her. Maybe he means that autumn is careless, because now that the harvest is done, there are no more jobs for autumn to do in the world. But this is the only part of the poem, where the mood is not positive.

The narrator then paints a picture in our head of a beautiful woman lying on a half harvested field half asleep, with the smell of nice red puppies. That is the second place where we could find her.

The third place where we could be able to find her is by the cider-press. She watches it with a patient look, and maybe she does not know what else to do. The autumn does not know what to do, now that the harvest is done.

The third stanza is very peaceful and full of positivity. Positive words as light, whistles and twitter are all words, that contributes to a peaceful poem full of harmony. In this stanza, the narrator paints a picture in our minds that is very beautiful. The narrator uses a lot of adjec-tives to describe autumn and all the good things that comes with it. The adjectives are positive and for example it is not a tragic or a violent death, but it is “the soft dying day” He also brings up spring in this stanza. He speaks to autumn like you would talk to a person. He reminds au-tumn that it has it own qualities.

There are a lot of different animals mentioned in this stanza. Both gnats, lambs, hedge crick-ets, red-breasts and swallows are mentioned. All the animals have one thing in common. The focus is on what noises they make, and how they contribute to the mood in autumn.

To sum up, the text is very positive and poetic. It shows the narrators love for the season au-tumn and how he sees it. It is about every sense. It is about hearing the animals, tasting the mature fruit, and se how beautiful autumn is. The narrator keeps on painting these pictures in our heads, and suddenly it has two levels. A level that is the story told, and then a metaphori-cal level that is very creative. The whole story is a personification of autumn and that gives the poem a very creative expression and it is interesting to read.

One of the main themes of the poem is obviously nature. The narrator’s focus is on describing nature and all the good things that the nature in autumn gives us. The whole text is filled with positive adjectives to create a mood in the poem.

To put another text in to perspective I choose the song made by Chris Brown featuring Kendrick Lamar — Autumn leaves. There are some similarities, but they are also different in some way. They both have a metaphorical level and use a lot of metaphors. In Chris Brown’s song he uses an iceberg as a metaphor for the girl that he loves and in John Keats — To autumn he uses the whole poem as a metaphor for autumn. But the two poems are very different in the way that they look at autumn. John Keats has a very positive look at autumn, and Chris Brown uses autumn as a metaphor for something that is about to die. Because his love is about to end just as the year is about to end when it hits autumn. So they have a different look at the same season, and that is characteristic for autumn.

Source: Essay UK - http://xbmm43.com/essays/english-literature/to-autumn-john-keats/


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